[1]李晓萍,马海英,谢丹.维持性血液透析患者自我感受负担现状及相关因素研究[J].西部中医药,2022,35(02):81-84.[doi:10.12174/j.issn.2096-9600.2022.02.19]
 LI Xiaoping,MA Haiying,XIE Dan.Study on the Related Factors and Current Situations of Self-perceived Burden in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2022,35(02):81-84.[doi:10.12174/j.issn.2096-9600.2022.02.19]
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维持性血液透析患者自我感受负担现状及相关因素研究
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《西部中医药》[ISSN:2096-9600/CN:62-1204/R]

卷:
35
期数:
2022年02期
页码:
81-84
栏目:
调查分析
出版日期:
2022-02-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on the Related Factors and Current Situations of Self-perceived Burden in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients
作者:
李晓萍 马海英 谢丹
甘肃省中医院,甘肃 兰州 730050
Author(s):
LI Xiaoping MA Haiying XIE Dan
Gansu Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou 730050, China
关键词:
维持性血液透析自我感受负担现状相关因素
Keywords:
maintenance hemodialysiscurrent situation of self-perceived burdenthe related factors
分类号:
R459.5
DOI:
10.12174/j.issn.2096-9600.2022.02.19
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的探讨维持性血液透析患者自我感受负担现状及相关因素。 方法选择2017年3月至2018年3月行维持性血液透析(maintenance hemodialysis,MHD)患者137例作为研究对象。采用Likert 5级评分法,用单因素和多因素分析MHD患者自我感受负担(self-perceived burden,SPB)影响因素。 结果137例MHD患者中,无明显自我感受负担28例(20.44%),轻度SBP 59例(43.06%),中度SBP 34例(24.81%),重度SBP 16例(11.68%)。MHD患者中,经济负担维度均分最高,其次为身体负担和情感负担。经单因素分析表明,性别、文化程度、合并高血压、合并糖尿病和基础疾病SPB量表评分比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);年龄、透析龄、透析频率、照顾者身体状况和生活自理能力SPB量表评分比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。将上述单因素分析具有统计学差异的纳入多因素分析中,年龄、透析龄、透析频率、照顾者身体状况和生活自理能力为影响MHD患者SPB危险因素。 结论大部分MHD患者存在轻度以上自我感受负担,年龄、透析龄、透析频率、照顾者身体状况和生活自理能力为影响MHD患者SPB的危险因素。
Abstract:
ObjectiveTo explore the related factors and current situations of self-perceived burden (SPB) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. MethodsAll 137 patients who accepted MHD and were hospitalized from March, 2017 to March, 2018 were chosen as the research targets. univariate and multivariate analysis were used to survey the influencing factors of SPB in MHD patients by using Likert 5-grade scoring method. ResultsAmong 137 MHD patients, 28 ones without SPB held 20.44%, 59 cases of mild SPB 43.06%, 34 cases of moderate SPB 24.81%, 16 cases of severe SPB 11.68%. Financial burden dimensional scores were the highest, physical and emotional burdens were the next. No statistical difference could be seen in the comparisons of SPB scales such as gender, eudcationcal degrees, complicated with hypertension, complicated with diabetes mellitus, basic disease by univariate analysis (P>0.05), the comparison of age, dialysis age, dialysis frequency, caregiver′s physical condition and self-care ability showed the statistical difference (P<0.05). Age, dialysis age, dialysis frequency, caregiver′s physical condition and self-care ability have become the risk factors of SPB in MHD patients after including these with statistical difference in the above univariate analysis in the multivariate analysis. ConclusionMost MHD patients suffer mild SPB or above, age, dialysis age, dialysis frequency, caregiver′s physical condition and self-care ability have become the risk factors of SPB in MHD patients.

相似文献/References:

[1]葛霞,张妍.以健康信念模式为基础的维持性血液透析患者健康教育模式的探讨[J].西部中医药,2019,32(06):132.
 GE Xia,ZHANG Yan.Discussion into Health Education Mode for the Patients with Maintenance Hemodialysis Based on the Health Belief Model[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2019,32(02):132.
[2]陈明霞,王瑞丽,陆卫红,等.中医熏香疗法对维持性血液透析患者精神状况和生活质量的影响[J].西部中医药,2019,32(08):108.
 CHEN Mingxia,WANG Ruili,LU Weihong,et al.Effects of TCM Incense Therapy on Quality of Life and Mental State of the Patients with Maintenance Hemodialysis[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2019,32(02):108.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
李晓萍(1976—),女,副主任护师。研究方向:血液净化护理。
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-06-22