[1]熊倩,何琳△,李晓燕.德阳市公众对新型冠状病毒肺炎的知、信、行调查及相关因素分析[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):68.
 XIONG Qian,HE Lin,LI Xiaoyan.An Investigation on KAP of COVID-19 among the Public in Deyang and the Related Factors Analysis[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):68.
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德阳市公众对新型冠状病毒肺炎的知、信、行调查及相关因素分析()
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《西部中医药》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
33
期数:
2020年S1
页码:
68
栏目:
疫病·新冠肺炎
出版日期:
2021-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
An Investigation on KAP of COVID-19 among the Public in Deyang and the Related Factors Analysis
作者:
熊倩1何琳2△李晓燕1
1 德阳市人民医院产科,四川 德阳 618000; 2 德阳市人民医院护理部
Author(s):
XIONG Qian1 HE Lin2 LI Xiaoyan1
1 Obstetrics Department, Peoples Hospital of Deyang City, Deyang 618000, China; 2 Nursing Department, Peoples Hospital of Deyang City,
关键词:
新型冠状病毒肺炎知识态度行为
Keywords:
COVID-19 pneumonia knowledge attitude practice
分类号:
R563.1
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目的:了解四川省德阳市公众的新型冠状病毒肺炎(Corona Virus Disease 2019,COVID-19)知、信、行水平,并分析其影响因素,为制定针对性的干预策略提供科学依据。方法:采用非随机抽样法,采取网络邀请方式对四川省德阳市947名公众进行问卷调查。结果:高认知者共847人(89.4%),正性态度者共908人(95.55%),良好行为者共691人(72.97%)。Logistic多因素回归分析发现,1)认知方面:26~35岁年龄组(OR=0.514,95% CI:0.308~0.857)、本科及以上文化水平(OR=2.112,95% CI:1.254~3.555)、医学背景者(OR=3.990,95% CI:1.914~8.315)与高认知水平相关联(P<0.05);2)态度方面:26~35岁年龄组是≤25岁年龄组正性态度的0.413倍(95% CI:0.173~0.983);3)行为方面:≤25岁年龄组是>35岁年龄组良好行为的0.563倍(95% CI:0.382~0.830),26~35岁年龄组是≤25岁年龄组良好行为的1.944倍(95% CI:1.354~2.792),本科及以上文化水平是本科以下良好行为的0.718倍(95% CI:0.518~0.997),医学背景者是非医学背景者良好行为的0.677倍(95% CI:0.480~0.956)。结论:德阳市公众的COVID-19相关知识认知水平较高、防护态度较积极,但防护行为执行较差,卫生部门应结合教育对象的特点,进行针对性健康教育,促进公众建立防护行为。
Abstract:
Objective: To provide scientific reference for the establishment of the targeted intervention strategies by surveying the levels of knowledge-attitude-practice (KAP) of COVID-19 among the public in Deyang City and analyzing its influencing factors. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 947 people using network invitation method and non randomized sampling. Results: There were 847 persons (89.44%) in high cognitive level, 908 persons showing positive attitude (95.55%), 691 good practice (72.97%). Logistic multivariate regression analysis indicated that: 1) cognition: the group aging between 26 and 35 years (OR=0.514, 95%CI:0.308~0.857), bachelor degree or above (OR=2.112, 95%CI:1.254~3.555), and medical background (OR=3.990, 95%CI:1.914~8.315) were related to high cognitive level (P<0.05); 2) attitude: positve attitude of the group aged between 26 and 35 years was 0.413 times of that of the group younger than 25 years (95%CI:0.173~0.983); 3) practice: good practice of the group younger than 25 years was 0.563 times of that of the group older than 35 years (95%CI:0.382~0.830); good practice of the group aged between 26 and 35 years was 1.944 times of that of the group younger than 25 years (95%CI:1.354~2.792), good practice of bachelor degree or above was 0.718 times of that under bachelor degree (95%CI:0.518~0.997), good practice of medical background was 0.677 times of that of non-medical background (95%CI:0.480~0.956). Conclusion: Deyang public are in higher cognitive level to COVID-19 related knowledge, and show positive prective attitude, while poor execution of protective practice, health department should perform targeted health education and help the public establish protective practice in light of the characteristics of educational objects.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-03-03 作者简介:熊倩(1990—),女,硕士学位,主管护师。研究方向:健康教育。 △通讯作者:何琳(1974—),女,硕士学位。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-08-14