[1]王渊,韩祖成△.“新冠肺炎”时期人群心理危机及应对措施[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):56.
 WANG Yuan,HAN Zucheng.Psychological Crisis and the Countermeasures of the Crowd in the Period of COVID-19[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):56.
点击复制

“新冠肺炎”时期人群心理危机及应对措施()
分享到:

《西部中医药》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
33
期数:
2020年S1
页码:
56
栏目:
疫病·新冠肺炎
出版日期:
2021-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Psychological Crisis and the Countermeasures of the Crowd in the Period of COVID-19
作者:
王渊1韩祖成2△
1 陕西中医药大学,陕西 咸阳 712046; 2 陕西省中医医院脑病科
Author(s):
WANG Yuan1 HAN Zucheng2
1 Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang 712046, China; 2 Department of Encephalopathy, Shaanxi Provincial TCM Hospital
关键词:
新型冠状病毒肺炎心理危机心理治疗措施
Keywords:
COVID-19 psychological crisis psychological therapy the measures
分类号:
R395
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
当面对新型冠状病毒肺炎(Corona Virus Disease 2019,COVID-19)(简称新冠肺炎)重大公共卫生事件时,部分人群表现出恐惧、焦虑、抑郁、失眠和不安等心理危机。如果不能及时关注和缓解这种不安情绪,不仅会影响新冠肺炎的治疗和预后,也会给整个社会生活带来不利影响,因此针对当前可能或已经出现心理危机的新冠肺炎患者、医护人员和普通群众采取个体化的应对措施进行心理关怀和心理治疗不仅可以防止和减轻重大疾病创伤后的恐惧心理,还能促进疾病的恢复和心理康复。
Abstract:
Some people show psychological crisis such as fear, anxiety, depression, insomnia, unrest and others when facing major public health events such as COVID-19. If we can’t pay attention to and relieve the unrest timely, it could not only influence the treatment and the prognosis of COVID-19, but also bring the adverse effects on the whole social life, hence the individualized coping measures should be adopted by aiming at COVID-19 patients, medical staffs and general public who might or has suffered psychological crisis, to perform psychological care and treatment, which could prevent and relieve the fear after major disease and trauma, promote the recovery of thedisease and psychological rehablitation.

参考文献/References:

[1] CHAN J F,YUAN S F,KOK K H,et al.A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission:a study of a family cluster[J].Lancet,2020,395(10223):514-523.
[2] 王芃,梁晓峰.专业学会在应对突发公共卫生事件中的作用——以新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情应对为例[J].行政管理改革,2020(3):17-22.
[3] 丁翠萍,郭美莲,吴绘美.传染性非典型肺炎病人的心理问题及护理[J].护理研究(下旬版),2005(24):37-38.
[4] 郝伟,陆林.精神病学[M].8版.北京:人民卫生出版社,2018:173-177.
[5] 李雪莹,唐振英.人文关怀护理在武汉方舱医院新冠肺炎轻症患者中的应用[J].齐鲁护理杂志,2020,26(6):8-10.
[6] 邓蓉,陈芳,刘珊珊,等.新型冠状病毒肺炎隔离病房医护人员心理压力的影响因素[J].中国感染控制杂志,2020,19(3):256-261.
[7] 张瑶,张西京,彭嘉熙,等.武汉抗新冠肺炎医务人员心理健 康调查[J/OL].热带医学杂志,2020:1-7(2020-03-11)[2020-03-21].http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/44.1503.R.20200311.0813.002.html.
[8] 徐明川,张悦.首批抗击新型冠状病毒感染肺炎的临床一线支援护士的心理状况调查[J].护理研究,2020,34(3):368-370.
[9] 祝月苹,季邦菊,周菊珍.护士心理资本、应对方式和工作绩效的影响因素及相关性研究[J].护士进修杂志,2019,34(15):1382-1385.
[10] 张立,沙莉,鲁桂兰.突发传染性公共卫生事件中护理人员心理压力的研究现状及前景展望[J].护理实践与研究,2011,8(22):103-105.
[11] 张华,陆皓,马巍,等.军队医院文职护理人员对地震灾害心理应激反应的调查[J].护理学杂志,2014,29(2):13-14.
[12] 潘俣彤,王会,陈顺瑞,等.疫情防控中解决医务人员心理危机干预困境的策略研究[J/OL].中国医学伦理学,2020:1-5(2020-03-11)[2020-03-21].http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/61.1203.r.20200308.2258.002.html.
[13] 陈妍.医疗纠纷突发事件后对当事医生应激心理危机干预的探讨[J].信访与社会矛盾问题研究,2017(4):55-62.
[14] 骆宏,刘晓燕,詹祥,等.新冠肺炎防控中医务人员组织心理支持感提升的实践探索[J].健康研究,2020,40(1):6-8.
[15] 苏斌原,叶苑秀,张卫,等.新冠肺炎疫情不同时间进程下民众的心理应激反应特征[J].华南师范大学学报(社会科学版),2020(3):79-94.
[16] 王一,高俊岭,陈浩,等.新冠肺炎疫情期间公众媒体暴露及其与心理健康的关系[J/OL].复旦学报(医学版),2020:1-6(2020-03-09)[2020-03-21].http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/
detail/31.1885.R.20200307.1736.008.html.
[17] 童俊.非常时期的常见心理危机问题[N].健康报,2020-01-31(6).

相似文献/References:

[1]李赟,王彩弟,王建云,等.简约远程中医诊疗在新型冠状病毒肺炎隔离病区中的应用[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):1.
 LI Yun,WANG Caidi,WANG Jianyun,et al.The Application of Simple Remote TCM Diagnosis and Treatment to COVID-19 Quarantined Inpatient Area[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):1.
[2]宋忠阳,雍文兴,张利英,等.新型冠状病毒肺炎的中医临床特征与辨证论治——甘肃经验*[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):3.
 SONG Zhongyang,YONG Wenxing,ZHANG Liying,et al.The Experience of TCM Clinical Characteristics, Syndrome Differentiation and Treatment for COVID-19 in Gansu Province[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):3.
[3]杜洪霖,马战平△.西北地区新型冠状病毒肺炎的中医特点及防治*[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):5.
 DU Honglin,MA Zhanping.TCM Characteristics, the Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19 in Northwest China[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):5.
[4]潘文,李盛华,王晓萍,等.中医对新型冠状病毒肺炎的认识与防治探讨[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):7.
 PAN Wen,LI Shenghua,WANG Xiaoping,et al.On TCM Understanding, the Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):7.
[5]杨海侠,张银萍△,杨长虹,等.新型冠状病毒肺炎疑似患者留观隔离期的护理体会[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):13.
[6]丁潇,邹忆怀△,辛大永,等.北京顺义地区新型冠状病毒肺炎的中医临床证候与CT表现[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):16.
 DING Xiao,ZOU Yihuai,XIN Dayong,et al.TCM Clinical Syndromes and CT Manifestations of COVID-19 in Shunyi District of Beijing[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):16.
[7]桑天庆,周红光△.中医药在新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情中的应用[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):18.
 SANG Tianqing,ZHOU Hongguang.TCM Applied to Epidemic Situation of COVID-19[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):18.
[8]闫向勇,李 俊,燕忠生△.武汉地区新型冠状病毒肺炎中医证候及病机特点[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):20.
 YAN Xiangyong,LI Jun,YAN Zhongsheng.On the Characteristics of TCM Patterns and the Pathogenesis of COVID-19 in Wuhan Region[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):20.
[9]曾建峰,李乐愚,缪灿铭,等.岭南道地药材在中山地区新型冠状病毒肺炎防治中的应用*[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):24.[doi:10.1056/NEJMoa-2001017]
 and Treatment of COVID-9 in Zhongshan Region.The Application of Lingnan Genuine Drugs to the Prevention[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):24.[doi:10.1056/NEJMoa-2001017]
[10]朱玉,黎玉婷,姚德蛟△.从中西医不同角度分析麻杏石甘汤治疗新型冠状病毒肺炎的作用[J].西部中医药,2020,33(S1):26.
 of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine.The Functions of Maxing Shigan Tang in the Treatment for COVID-19 from the Angles[J].Western Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine,2020,33(S1):26.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-03-21 作者简介:王渊(1994—),男,在读硕士研究生,医师。研究方向:脑病的中医基础和临床研究。 △通讯作者:韩祖成(1961—),男,硕士学位,硕士研究生导师,教授,主任医师。陕西省名中医,第六批全国名老中医专家学术经验指导老师。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-08-14